Your prostate gets gradually larger as you get older, often causing symptoms that include frequent urges to urinate and difficulty urinating — often, frustratingly, at the same time. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common, but thanks to board-certified urologist Larry Roberts, MD, you don’t have to accept it as an inevitable part of getting older. To get treatment for BPH, call the practice in New Rochelle, New York, or use the online booking tool today.
BPH, or benign prostatic hyperplasia, is the medical term for an enlarged prostate. The growth resulting in BPH is normal and noncancerous (benign). BPH isn’t a sign you’ll develop prostate cancer, but the symptoms can be uncomfortable and embarrassing, and the condition can lead to complications in your bladder, urinary tract, and kidneys if left untreated.
Your prostate, a gland located between your bladder and penis that produces some of the fluid in semen, grows in two phases. The first phase takes place early in puberty, when your prostate nearly doubles in size. The second phase begins in your mid-twenties, when your prostate grows very gradually, a nearly lifelong process.
It’s possible that during the second phase, your prostate will grow large enough to put pressure on your urethra or your bladder. This is unlikely to happen before age 50.
You have an enlarged prostate, or BPH, when your prostate growth begins affecting how you urinate.
BPH causes urinary symptoms. When your prostate starts putting pressure on your urethra, you may experience obstructive symptoms such as:
If your prostate continues growing, you may experience changes in your bladder. When your bladder has to work harder to empty, the muscles often become thicker and less flexible. Symptoms of bladder changes from BPH include:
Keep in mind that BPH doesn’t depend on the exact size of your prostate, but the symptoms you have as a result of pressure on your urethra and bladder. Everyone’s anatomy is different, so there’s no standard prostate size that causes severe symptoms in all men, or even noticeable symptoms.
If you’re in the early stages of BPH, Dr. Roberts prescribes medication. Medication can relax the muscles in your prostate and bladder neck, so you can urinate more easily. It can also prevent your prostate from growing further, or even gradually shrink it to a size that does not interfere with urination.
Surgery was once the only option for men with BPH. Thankfully, medication effectively treats many cases of BPH. In cases of severe symptoms that don’t respond to medication, Dr. Roberts performs minimally invasive in-office procedures. These procedures lift or shrink excess prostate tissue.
You’re not stuck with the symptoms of BPH. To get treatment for an enlarged prostate from Larry Roberts, MD, call or click today.