Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer among American men, and though it’s always worrisome to receive a diagnosis of cancer, the disease is highly treatable when detected early. Board-certified urologist Larry Roberts, MD, screens for and diagnoses prostate cancer at his practice in New Rochelle, New York. To schedule an appointment, call or use the online booking tool.
Your prostate is a walnut-shaped gland between your bladder and penis and in front of your rectum. The prostate produces some of the fluid that makes up semen. Prostatic fluid protects sperm as it enters the female reproductive system.
Cancer refers to a group of diseases that cause abnormal cell growth. Prostate cancer is one the most common cancers affecting men and is most diagnosed in men age 65 and older.
Most forms of prostate cancer progress slowly and remain in the prostate gland, where it easily responds to treatment. Some rarer forms of prostate cancer are more aggressive.
The cause of prostate cancer is unknown. Research has linked a genetic mutation to an increased risk of developing prostate cancer, but not everyone who gets prostate cancer has this mutation.
Prostate cancer can take years to show any noticeable symptoms, and many symptoms are easy to attribute to other conditions. The best tool for early prostate cancer detection is regular screenings, starting at age 50. Symptoms of more advanced prostate advance include:
If you’re concerned about your risk of prostate cancer, Dr. Roberts can perform a screening test. This may include a digital rectal exam, in which he feels for any abnormalities in your prostate’s size or texture. He may also take a blood sample and have it tested for prostate-specific antigen (PSA), as high levels of PSA may be the sign of a problem.
Screening tests don’t confirm the presence of prostate cancer but may indicate a need for further testing. If he detects a possible issue, Dr. Roberts proceeds with an MRI-guided biopsy. This state-of-the-art technology allows him to target precisely the area of concern.
Prostate cancer treatment depends on how advanced and how aggressive the cancer is. Treatment approaches may include:
If your prostate cancer isn’t causing symptoms, is progressing slowly and is contained to the prostate, Dr. Roberts may recommend waiting to see if you’ll need treatment. You and Dr. Roberts continue closely monitoring your condition.
Dr. Roberts uses radiation to destroy cancer cells, including through external beam therapy. External beam therapy is a noninvasive technique that precisely targets cancer cells using a machine from outside your body.
Prostate cancer cells rely on testosterone to grow. Hormone therapy, including injectable medication, stops the production of testosterone.
Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells that have spread from your prostate to other parts of the body.
Most cases of prostate cancer are easily treatable. Your best defense against prostate cancer is early detection. Be sure to get screened regularly for prostate cancer and to see Dr. Roberts if you have any concerning symptoms.
To learn about your risks and get screened for prostate cancer, call or use the online booking tool today.